Diagnostics of pregnancy, inspection, date of birth

Pregnancy is an excellent condition for any woman.

Signs of pregnancy gynecologists are divided into probable, alleged and reliable.

Probable features include temporary completion of monthly, soreness and increase in the mammary glands, also some features from the gynecological side. Probable signs do not exclude an ectopic pregnancy.

Supporting signs relate to taste changes, olfactory sensations, fatigue, appetite, vomiting, nausea, hyperpigmentation of nipples and skin of the face, also rapid urination.

Significant signs of ultrasound include the detection of a fetal egg, at the occurrence of 7-9 weeks of pregnancy, the study of the palpitations of the fetus, as well as the movement of the fetus when the mother reaches 16 weeks.

Estimated date of birth

Considering from 1 day of the last date of menstruation, the average duration of pregnancy is 40 weeks or 280 days.

There is a formula of the neglect, according to which the estimated date of delivery is determined: from the 1st day of the last date of menstruation, count the last 90 days and add 7 days.

Prenatal observation

Each pregnant woman is observed in a medical institution the whole period. It is possible to observe the female consultation for free, mainly at the place of registration, or by actual accommodation. If the doctor comes commercial and highly qualified, then you are lucky, because for free, does not mean - bad. A doctor who inspects and watches you to direct specialists and all the necessary surveys.

Before the most pregnant women, they give the exchange card, where all the survey data is saved. This exchange card must be taken with you in the maternity hospital. Of course, any girl can turn to paid medicine, but best when one doctor monitors throughout the entire pregnancy period.

In the first appeal, the examination includes the survey - a questionnaire, gynecological study, a common blood test, ultrasound, determination of a blood group, antibodies and a rhesus factor, also a urine test, samples for rubella, syphilis, hepatitis B, Ceatological examination of Mother's neck, HIV, Sowing the cervical cervical cervical on Gonokokki (also possible on chlamydia).

If a pregnant woman has some deviations, the doctor prescribes further inspection.

If pregnancy goes well, then the inspection is carried out once a month, from 28 weeks to 36 inspection make 2 times a month. With each traveler, the increase in weight is measured, whether there are no edema and whether blood pressure is normal. Look at the standing of the uterus, listening to the fetal heartbeat.

The future mother must necessarily give a monthly urine analysis, in order to avoid the appearance of glucose (sugar in the urine), proteinuria (protein in the urine).

If you do not combine the blood factor of the mother and father, the child should be visited by a hematologist.